1. Reduce noise and light levels e.g. switch off TV or music, dim the room lights, ask unnecessary people to leave the room. Remain as calm and quiet as you can.
2. Make a mental note of the time, this is important because the vet may need to know how long the seizure has been going on, and minutes can seem very long.
3. Do not move the animal (unless told to do so by your vet), but move away any nearby objects which might injure them.
4. Do not open the mouth, put anything in the mouth or try to pull the tongue forward. An animal having a seizure may bite without meaning to.
5. If your dog is recovering to nearly normal within 10-15 minutes, they may not require any immediate treatment but of course you should ring your vet surgery for advice if you need to. They might suggest leaving it until your dog is fully recovered to examine them.
6. If your dog is still fitting after 15 minutes, or if he or she has repeated seizures without proper recovery in between, then they need urgent attention and you should ring your surgery at once.
7. If asked to bring a fitting dog to the surgery, spread out a large thick towel, blanket or bedspread beside the dog, slide them on to it and lift by the corners like a stretcher. Several people will be needed for a larger dog.In summary, epilepsy is a very frightening condition, particularly for the owner. Treatment is aimed at managing the condition and keeping the number of seizures to a minimum, rather than cure. Treatment is usually lifelong and requires some commitment from the owner. Most dogs and cats with epilepsy will lead a very happy life in spite of their condition. Emily continues to do well. If you are concerned about fits or any other problems in your dog or cat, please contact your vet or use our Interactive Symptom Guide to help you decide what to do next.