Neutering bitches is known as ‘spaying’. The procedure involves the surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries or ‘ovario-hysterectomy’.
- Prevents the bitch from breeding and producing unwanted puppies.
- Dramatically reduces the risk of mammary cancer.
- Prevents your bitch coming into season and all of the inconvenience that this causes eg blood loss and unwanted attention from male dogs
- Prevents pyometra, this is a life-threatening condition in which the womb becomes infected and full of pus
- Prevents uterine and ovarian cancer
- Spaying is a surgical procedure, and as with all surgical procedures there is a very small risk from the anaesthetic and the surgery. However, this risk is far smaller than it used to be with the advent of new anaesthetics and surgical techniques.
- Your dog will not be allowed to run around for 10 days after the operation and there may be some pain for a few days afterwards. Post operative pain can be controlled very effectively with painkillers available from your vets, if you suspect that your dog is in pain contact your vets for advice.
- Spaying increases the chance of urinary incontinence. This is fairly uncommon and can usually be controlled successfully with drugs.
If your bitch is healthy and you are not planning to breed from her, the advantages to her health of having her spayed will far outweigh the drawbacks.
Castration involves the surgical removal of the testicle; the scrotum is usually left intact
- Prevents dog from breeding and producing unwanted puppies.
- Prevents a lot of unwanted breeding related behaviour eg. escaping, mating inappropriate objects although in older dogs this behaviour has sometimes become a habit and does not resolve with castration.
- Prevents testicular cancer
- Dramatically reduces the risk of prostate problems and cancer
Castration is a surgical procedure and as with all surgical procedures there is a very small risk from the anaesthetic and the surgery. However, this risk is far smaller than it used to be with the advent of new anaesthetics.
If your dog is healthy and you are not planning to breed from him, the advantages to his health of having him castrated will far outweigh the drawbacks.
In 2009 a survey by the Dog’s Trust showed that 107,228 stray dogs were picked up by Local Authorities over the year, if you are planning to have puppies make sure you have found good homes for them all before they are born.