Marius the giraffe – right or wrong? The great divide

“Danish zoo kills healthy giraffe and feeds it to the lions”
The headlines are appalling, and the international outcry has been almost as dramatic as if the Danish zoo authorities had fed a human to the lions. Do the protesters have a point, or is the zoo simply being honest about an unfortunate but necessary situation?
The answer to this question highlights a major divide in the broad community of animal lovers: those who are in favour of animal rights, and those who believe in animal welfare.

Animal rights people believe that animals have similar rights to humans. Animals are sentient, living individuals, often referred to as “non-human persons”. They have a right to exist and to be granted the Five Freedoms – freedom from pain and disease, freedom from hunger and thirst, freedom from discomfort, freedom to express natural behaviours and freedom from fear and distress. They also believe that animals have the right to life, and that humans do not have the right to take that life away. People who believe in animal rights really  ought to be vegans, since they do not believe in the right of humans to exploit animals for meat or milk. They believe that animals should not be viewed as property, or used for food, clothing, research, entertainment or as beasts of burden. They believe that animals deserve equal consideration to humans: if animals are not given equal rights, this is “speciesism” which is as bad as racism. They believe that in the future, we will look back on our time and see our attitude to animals in the same way as we currently view human slavery.

Animal welfare people believe that  non-human animals are sentient and that efforts should be ensure their well-being, especially when they are under the care of humans. However they do not believe that animals have the same rights as humans. They also believe that animals deserve the Five Freedoms, but they believe that humans have the right to decide what happens to animals, which includes taking the animal’s life in a humane manner in some circumstances. They believe that it’s acceptable to farm animals for meat and milk, as long as the animals have a life worth living while they are farmed, and as long as the animal’s death takes place in a way that is free of fear and pain. They believe that it’s acceptable to use animals for food, clothing, research, entertainment or as beasts of burden as long as the Five Freedoms are not impaired. Animal welfare people do not believe that animals have a right to life, justice or freedom. This is the most widely held view in the Western world today: that it is morally and ethically acceptable for humans to use non-human animals, provided that adverse effects on animal welfare are kept to a minimum.

So what about Marius the giraffe?

The protesters about the zoo in Denmark are seeing the situation from an animal rights perspective, whereas the zoo defends their stance from an animal welfare point of view.

The animal rights stance would say that Marius the giraffe was a “non-human person”, and that it’s outrageous that his life was taken. They also believe that the zoo compounded the unfairness by butchering Marius in public (even with children looking on) and then feeding him to the lions. This showed lack of respect to Marius, and an uncaring attitude to an adorable creature.

The animal welfare stance would understand the perspective of the zoo, which has stated that the giraffe was surplus to its own requirements,and there was no simple alternative. The options that were available included rehoming to non-accredited wildlife parks and private sanctuaries, and the zoo was concerned that they would lose control of the giraffe, and that he might end up in an inappropriate situation where he was suffering. The zoo believed that quick, pain-free death was a better alternative for the giraffe than to take that risk. The zoo would say that millions of cattle, pigs and sheep are killed in the same way every day and nobody complains about them, so what’s the difference?

The problem is this: onlookers see the zoo’s attitude as disingenuous. Zoos are quick to humanise their animals when it suits them, such as when they ask the public to sponsor individual creatures, or when they advertise to encourage visitors. They are happy to create an animal-rights type illusion of the animals being “furry people”, and the public are happy to accept this. Most of us are animal rights believers at some level, especially when considering animals (such as our pets) that are well-known to us. And when an animal has been given a name, and has featured in attractive photographs, we also like to take an animal rights view on behalf of that creature.

Yet the reality is that zoos take an animal welfare stance, and so do most of us when we do not know the individual animals. How many of us are vegans? Perhaps 1%? If we put our money where our mouths are, then 99% of us are animal welfarists, not animal rights believers, at least when it comes to farm animals.

But we don’t like it when our pockets of animal rights belief (like Marius) are blatantly treated with animal welfare rules. The zoo has clearly not understood this, and their “practical” approach of publicly butchering the animal and feeding him to the lions has compounded their error.

Whether they are right or wrong, the zoo has created an image of uncaring arrogance which does not serve animals or the zoo’s purpose well. It’s a PR disaster. The zoo has lost a sea of international supporters and the animal rights argument against the continuing existence of zoos has moved one step forwards

 

 

  • Ted says:

    “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated” Gandhi. Bengt Holst of Copenhagen Zoo came out yesterday defending his decision to slaughter this young animal. He was using words like “surplus to requirements” and no space to keep it, despite offers from many parks around the world to take it. He also said his staff and the keeper who reared the animal were fully behind his decision to not only kill this young giraffe, but to also cut it up in front of children and feed it to the lions. All I can say about the staff and the keeper at that zoo is that if you had no problem with what happened to this young animal after rearing it since it was born, then you have no business being put in charge of animals. It’s no wonder this arrogant Zoo is run the way it is if there is not one animal lover on the staff. After listening to the flawed arguments of the highly arrogant Holst, I can only thank the heavens he was not around during the darkest hours of the “people” who were trying to create the “Pure Ayran race”!

  • Alison Hall says:

    This whole situation is a total mess. If his gene pool was not required at this time, then the mother should never have been allowed to become pregnant. It is not good enough for zoos to play on the cute appeal of a giraffe cub then cull it 2 years later. They didn’t mind the revenue when he was born no doubt.

    I dispute the “no other home was good enough” stance. They had previously rehomed a giraffe to Yorkshire zoo, I think it was. So why, suddenly, weren’t they good enough for Marius?

    To make such a public spectacle of this cull is a major PR disaster. I am extremely upset with what has gone on here and will NEVER visit this zoo. What of his keepers? They form a massive attachment to their animals, did they think death was the best option too? I bet they didn’t and I bet they are shocked and distressed, I know I would be.

  • Clare butler says:

    It is natural for a lion to hunt down and eat a giraffe. It is not natural for a human to take a healthy animals life and butcher it infront of children. If that’s an example they are trying to set then they are showing children that this is acceptable and not to have a care for living species. It was a huge publicity stunt which backfired on their part. Clearly this giraffe had his short life mapped out for him before he was even conceived. Why didn’t the keepers go to the press or government or anything to try and stop this? The zoos reasons are illegitimate and refusals to the offers of rehoming him were too.

  • Nikki Armstrong says:

    I think it’s sick and totally agree with the previous post by Alison Hall. I wonder if they made revenue from this spectacle and charged people to watch? Zoos should mke EVERY effort to rehome animals that they cannot keep – it is their responsibility to CARE for the animals that they have forced to live and be born in captivity, and their offspring. I am sure some of those children will also be wondering why this has had to happen, and maybe some of them will be disturbed by it – Innapropriate and a totally stupid and unnecessary move by Danish Zoo. Im sure there was an alternative home for that giraffe SOMEWHERE in the world.

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